Transitioning at age 3:
Leaving the Early Intervention (EI) Program
Illinois Early Intervention (EI) Program services end when a child turns age 3. To give you time to plan for this change in services, the law requires that your EI team begin planning for transition six months before your child’s third birthday. This allows you adequate time to find out if your child is eligible for early childhood special education services through your local school district. Not all children will qualify. The Illinois State Board of Education is the state agency responsible for special education services for children age 3 and older. Here are the steps and your role in the process.
Step 1—Sign a Consent Form for Referral.
When your child turns 2½ years old, your EI service coordinator will ask you to sign a consent form. Your consent is needed to release information about your child to your local school district. This begins the referral process. You can accept or decline the referral.
Step 2—Attend a Transition Planning Conference.
Your service coordinator will arrange for a planning conference at least 90 days before your child turns age 3. The meeting may include a representative of your district or other community services, such as preschool or Head Start. This is a meeting to learn about possible services for your child and to share information about your child.
Step 3 - Participate in an Evaluation.
The school district may use current evaluations from your EI team or may decide to conduct a new evaluation. You will be asked to sign a consent form for a new evaluation. The school district will use the evaluations to answer four questions:
Does your child have a disability?
What is your child’s current developmental status and functional performance?
Does your child’s disability affect his or her ability to engage in age-appropriate activities?
Does your child need special education and related services?
Step 4 - Determine Eligibility and Plan Your Child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP).
You will meet with school district staff to discuss the evaluation findings and determine if your child is eligible for special education and related services. You may want to invite a family member or friend. The IEP meeting will take place when your child turns 3 or before. If your child is eligible, then the IEP team and you will choose goals for your child for the next year. The goals are used to identify services and providers and to plan where and when services will be provided. If you agree with the IEP, you will be asked to sign it. If you disagree with the IEP, you can ask for another meeting to discuss your concerns. If you cannot resolve your concerns with the team, you have several legal options, which you can discuss with the district.
Step 5 - Preparing Your Child and Family for Transition.
Your service coordinator or provider will suggest ways to prepare your family and your child for the end of EI services and the start of other preschool activities and services. For example, she may suggest that you visit the new program or work on self-help skills (dressing, taking turns, sharing) that will be helpful in preschool.
For more information on your family’s roles and rights during the transition process you can download a copy of the When I'm 3, Where Will I Be?
Content Courtesy of Illinois Early Intervention Clearinghouse
Does your child have a summer birthday?
Illinois law ensures children enrolled in Early Intervention who have their 3rd birthday during the summer will not have a gap in services.
Senate Bill 820 (Public Act 102-0209) allows children to continue EI services until the beginning of the next school year if their 3rd birthday is between May 1 and Aug. 31. The new law took effect on January 1, 2022.
The Illinois State Board of Education’s (ISBE) Early Childhood Department states that this extension of Part C services to children over the age of 3 applies only if the child:
Reached age 3 on or after May 1 of the current year through Aug. 31
Enrolled in Early Intervention (EI) and received services before their 3rd birthday
Is eligible for preschool services under the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and
Is found eligible for an Individualized Education Program (IEP) under IDEA and Section 14-8.02 of the School Code
If a child meets all the above criteria, their parents/guardians have the option to remain in EI until the beginning of the next school year or move to Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) services through the school district.
ISBE notes that children enrolled in EI and turning 3 will still need an evaluation, if warranted, and an IEP developed, if qualified, before their 3rd birthday.
If families decide to begin ECSE services, they will not be able to return to EI services once they have ended.
Families can discuss potential eligibility for this extension with their Early Intervention Service Coordinator.
To read the complete Senate Bill: https://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=102-0209